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Cambodia: [Solar Lantern Site Report #02] Use in Small-scale Business

Panasonic has been engaging in activities to donate solar lanterns to non-electrified areas. Our employees report from the project sites.

Akira Hoshi
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<Profile>
Promoted corporate citizenship initiatives in regions without electricity in Africa and Southeast Asia.
Primarily coordinates activities in the Greater Mekong Subregion at present.

Hello, this is Akira Hoshi reporting from the CSR & Citizenship Group.In continuation to the first report, this time I report on the conditions in which the solar lanterns are used by the International NGO Kamonohashi Project.


The donation ceremony held at the community factory in March 2012.

The Kamonohashi Project to eradicate child sexual trafficking and exploitation and support the independence of rural women

Siem Reap, the tourist hub home to the world heritage Angkor, is visited by over a million tourists each year. Although smaller than the capital of Phnom Penh, the city has many accommodation facilities including high-class Western-style hotels, indicating that it is prospering as a tourist city. Taking just a 15 minute drive from the city, however, a rural landscape unfolds before you.


Left: Angkor Wat, Right: Bayon Temple at Angkor Thom

Based in Siem Reap, the Kamonohashi Project works to support orphanages and the police and promote the independence of rural women, with the objective of eradicating child sexual trafficking and exploitation.

In 2006, the project established a community factory as a workplace for rural women.
Various products such as book covers, pen cases, commuter pass holders, business card cases, coasters, placemats and sandals are handmade out of rush grass by the women and are sold to tourists at outlet stores and folk craft shops.(Customers in Japan can purchase the products online.)

The Kamonohashi Project outlet store is located at the corner of a market in Siem Reap. The vividly colored products made in the factory are exhibited in this tidy little shop. Here we met with the Kamonohashi Project staff member Ms. Kameyama and headed off to the community factory.


The outlet store in Siem Reap

Solar lanterns help reduce eyestrain, improve quality, and prevent crime

After travelling approximately 30 minutes out of Siem Reap by car, we arrived at the Khchass Commune, where the factory is located. Although this village lies alongside a national highway, it is without electricity as it is located far from the city.

Chum reap suor! (Hello!)

When they saw we had arrived, everyone stopped work and gathered to welcome us.

There are many young women working at the community factory.
After greeting us, they returned to their posts and went back to focus on their individual work of cutting the rush grass, dyeing, weaving on a loom, sewing by machine, or carrying out product inspections.

There is a window in the roof of the community factory to let in sunlight. When we arrived at around 2PM, the room seemed perfectly bright. However, when dusk falls it gets very dark and this can lead to the employees experiencing eyestrain. It also becomes gloomy on cloudy or rainy days.
The winter is particularly short of daylight and it gets dark early, which apparently leads to a decrease in efficiency and productivity, also resulting in quality issues.


Solar panels installed on the roof to charge the solar lanterns.

In these conditions, the solar lanterns were being used as lighting for the entire factory and as individual lights for the employees engaging in work such as sewing, cutting and inspections. They have to look closely at their detailed handiwork, and in the past, many suffered from eyestrain and headaches. I was very happy to hear that such symptoms have been alleviated thanks to the light of solar lanterns.


Solar lanterns serving as personal lighting

Furthermore, the solar lanterns were also used for indoor light in the warehouse, as well as around the outside of the factory to prevent theft at night.


The solar lanterns are also used as indoor lighting for the warehouse

At the Khmer literacy class held during the lunch break to support self-reliance of employees, people with a high attendance can borrow solar lanterns in recognition of their efforts. They are overjoyed to be able to use the light for their study at home in the evenings.

In this factory tour I found that the solar lanterns were being effectively used through various methods in the Kamonohashi Project.


The employees meeting held after work at the end of the day

Resolving the issue of human trafficking through business activities

That night at the project office in Siem Reap, I listened to Mr. Kenta Aoki, vice president of the Kamonohashi Project and manager of operations in Cambodia.

"Many of the girls who are trafficked or forced into child sexual trafficking and exploitation come from poor rural villages. To make money, they have to work away from home, where many are tricked into human trafficking for the purpose of prostitution and other forms of exploitation. In order to solve the poverty issues underlying child sexual trafficking and exploitation, we operate the community factory to increase the income of the rural women, so that they can become economically and mentally independent with their own skills."

The Kamonohashi Project recognizes that poverty is the underlying cause of child sexual trafficking and exploitation, and works on this issue through business activities. I very much hope that the initiative will expand in the future.

To be continued in Solar Lantern Site Report #3

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Panasonic Corporation has launched a 100 THOUSAND SOLAR LANTERN PROJECT. The aim of the project is to donate a total of 100,000 solar LED lanterns to people in regions of the world without electricity, by 2018, the 100th anniversary of the company's founding.

See here for details of the "100 THOUSAND SOLAR LANTERN PROJECT"

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[Reference article]
The child trafficking problem (on the Kamonohashi Project site) (Japanese only)


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